Hungerford Common

Common Port Down, Hungerford Town and Manor

The perfect place to enjoy a picnic, walk your dog, exercise, or simply sit and enjoy the views and wildlife. Hungerford Common, or Common Port Down to give one of its many other names, is 220 acres (89 hectares) of ancient common land, permanent pasture, mature trees, canal and strip lynchets, to the east of Hungerford.

View across Hungerford Common showing lone dog walker, and in the distance, a passing train - Town and Manor - photo by Tony Bartlett

Wide open space to think, walk, watch the natural wildlife – photo by Tony Bartlett

Common Rights have been preserved here for more than six centuries, protecting the land from development since at least Edward III (1312-1377).

Today Hungerford Common is used by both Commoners and Farmers, who buy rights from the Town & Manor to graze cattle, and by all for recreation, relaxation and local events, such as the Hungerford Harey 8 running race and the visiting fair. Look out for our Guided Trailer Rides and Walks, in Don’t Miss.

Cricket on the Common Port Down, Hungerford Town and Manor, photo by Tony Bartlett

Cricket on the Common – photo by Tony Bartlett

Leasing part of the Common

Part of the Common is set aside for the Cricket and Football Clubs, children’s play area and the War Memorial Ground. This was made possible by the Commoners agreeing, in 1951, not to exercise their rights for 99 years (the duration of the lease).

The ancient roots of the Common’s name

The ‘Port Down’ part of the Common Port Down’s name comes from the Saxon and French word ‘porte’ for a door or gate, and the Saxon ‘dun’ for a hill. There are still gates at all entrances to the Common, from Kintbury, Hungerford Park Street, and the roads out towards Denford and Inkpen.

Cows on the Common during the grazing season - photo by Tony Bartlett - Town and Manor of Hungerford

Cows on the Common during the grazing season – photo by Tony Bartlett

Grazing cattle on Hungerford Common

Both Commoners and Farmers, who buy rights to graze their cattle from the Town & Manor, produce a summer grazing herd of about 175 store cattle. These are raised either for beef production, or as dairy herd replacements.

Grazing cattle also has the benefit of helping to maintain the permanent pasture and keep the trees in shape.

A great location for events

Large open space annual events are limited to one major and three to four minor events each year. The income from hiring the space, and the sale of grazing rights, contributes to the cost of maintaining the Common.

Cows take it easy, over the ancient strip lynchets (horizontal stripes in the common) with the Down Gate visible in the background

Grants and subsidies

The Town & Manor is considered by government to be a farm, and each year applications are made to Natural England to support the maintenance of the area for the long-term protection of the plants, trees and shrubs, pasture, birds and animals that inhabit the area.

Protected from development by law

Through the centuries there have been many attempts to obtain the land and rights for private benefit. Today, Hungerford Common is registered under the Commons Registration Act 1965 and the Countryside, Rights of Way and Wildlife Acts 2000/04. The management is operated within the constraints of these laws, with details posted on six signs at the various entrance gates.